首页 > Web Server > centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4)
2014
07-23

centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4)

环境准备

python版本2.6
git版本 1.8.4.1
ruby版本ruby-2.0.0-p353
gitlab-shell版本 v1.8.0
gitlab版本6.4.3

因centos6系列的python版本是2.6的,已经支持,所以不必升级python版本。
在centos5下面需要升级python版本>2.5

安装epel的yum源

yum -y install http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

安装必要的软件包

yum -y install libicu-devel patch gcc-c++ readline-devel zlib-devel libffi-devel openssl-devel make autoconf automake libtool bison libxml2-devel libxslt-devel libyaml-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel cpio expat-devel gettext-devel curl-devel perl-ExtUtils-CBuilder perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker

原文链接:http://www.linuxyan.com/web-server/353.html

安装git

因为git需要1.8版本以上,所以需要重新编译安装
移除当前git

yum remove git

下载1.8.4.1的git并安装

curl --progress https://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-1.8.4.1.tar.gz | tar xz
cd git-1.8.4.1/
make prefix=/usr/local all
make prefix=/usr/local install
ln -fs /usr/local/bin/git* /usr/bin/

安装ruby环境

yum -y remove ruby
mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby
curl --progress ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.0/ruby-2.0.0-p353.tar.gz | tar xz
cd ruby-2.0.0-p353/
./configure --disable-install-rdoc
make && make install
gem source -r https://rubygems.org/
gem source -a http://ruby.taobao.org/
gem install bundler --no-ri --no-rdoc
ln -s /usr/local/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby
ln -s /usr/local/bin/gem /usr/bin/gem
ln -s /usr/local/bin/bundle /usr/bin/bundle

添加git帐号并允许sudo

useradd --comment 'GitLab' git
echo "git ALL=(ALL)       NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

安装git-shell

cd /home/git
sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-shell.git -b v1.8.0
cd gitlab-shell/
sudo -u git -H cp config.yml.example config.yml
vim config.yml
修改gitlab_url为gitlab的域名
gitlab_url: "http://localhost/"
修改为
gitlab_url: "http://git.linuxyan.com/"
#安装git-shell
sudo -u git -H ./bin/install

安装mysql以及建立gitlab数据库

yum install mysql mysql-devel mysql-server -y
/etc/init.d/mysqld start
chkconfig mysqld on
登录mysql创建gitab的帐号和数据库
mysql> CREATE USER 'gitlab'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'gitlab';
mysql> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `gitlabhq_production` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET `utf8` COLLATE `utf8_unicode_ci`;
mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER ON `gitlabhq_production`.* TO 'gitlab'@'localhost';

测试是否可以用git帐号登录数据库

sudo -u git -H mysql -u gitlab -p -D gitlabhq_production

安装redis

yum -y install redis
/etc/init.d/redis start
chkconfig redis on

安装gitlab

cd /home/git
sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-ce.git -b 6-4-stable gitlab
cd /home/git/gitlab
sudo -u git -H cp config/gitlab.yml.example config/gitlab.yml

vim config/gitlab.yml
修改host为刚才git-shell里面设置的域名
## GitLab settings
gitlab:
## Web server settings
  host: git.linuxyan.com
  port: 80
  https: false

修改git的path
git:
  bin_path: /usr/local/bin/git

给文件夹添加相应的权限
chown -R git log/
chown -R git tmp/
chmod -R u+rwX  log/
chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/
创建必要的文件夹,以及复制配置文件
sudo -u git -H mkdir /home/git/gitlab-satellites
sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/pids/
sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/sockets/
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/pids/
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/sockets/
sudo -u git -H mkdir public/uploads
sudo chmod -R u+rwX  public/uploads
sudo -u git -H cp config/unicorn.rb.example config/unicorn.rb
sudo -u git -H cp config/initializers/rack_attack.rb.example config/initializers/rack_attack.rb

设置gitlab的全局帐号

sudo -u git -H git config --global user.name "GitLab"
sudo -u git -H git config --global user.email "gitlab@localhost"
sudo -u git -H git config --global core.autocrlf input

设置数据库链接地址和权限

sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.mysql config/database.yml
sudo -u git -H vim  config/database.yml
修改链接数据库信息
production:
  adapter: mysql2
  encoding: utf8
  reconnect: false
  database: gitlabhq_production
  pool: 10
  username: gitlab
  password: "gitlab"
  # host: localhost
  # socket: /tmp/mysql.sock

安装需要ruby的gems

cd /home/git/gitlab
vim  Gemfile
修改source "https://rubygems.org/"
为source "http://ruby.taobao.org/"
vim Gemfile.lock 
修改remote: https://rubygems.org/
为remote: http://ruby.taobao.org/
安装
sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres aws

如果遇到如下错误:

Could not find modernizr-2.6.2 in any of the sources

则修改:

vim Gemfile
修改:gem "modernizr",        "2.6.2"
为gem "modernizr-rails",  "2.7.1"

vim Gemfile.lock
修改:modernizr (2.6.2)
为:modernizr-rails (2.7.1)

修改:modernizr (= 2.6.2)
为:modernizr-rails (= 2.7.1)

然后再执行安装

sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres aws

过程如下图:
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第1张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第2张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux

初始化数据库

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:setup RAILS_ENV=production

初始化数据库之后,会告诉你默认的管理员用户和密码:
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第3张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第4张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux

安装启动文件以及日志切割文件

cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab /etc/init.d/gitlab
cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab.default.example /etc/default/gitlab
cp lib/support/logrotate/gitlab /etc/logrotate.d/gitlab

检测当前环境

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:env:info RAILS_ENV=production

如下:
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第5张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux

安装nginx

yum -y install nginx

修改配置文件:
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

user              root git;
worker_processes  2;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
# GITLAB
# Maintainer: @randx
# App Version: 5.0

upstream gitlab {
  server unix:/home/git/gitlab/tmp/sockets/gitlab.socket;
}

server {
  listen *:80 default_server;         # e.g., listen 192.168.1.1:80; In most cases *:80 is a good idea
  server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN;     # e.g., server_name source.example.com;
  server_tokens off;     # don't show the version number, a security best practice
  root /home/git/gitlab/public;

  # Set value of client_max_body_size to at least the value of git.max_size in gitlab.yml
  client_max_body_size 5m;

  # individual nginx logs for this gitlab vhost
  access_log  /var/log/nginx/gitlab_access.log;
  error_log   /var/log/nginx/gitlab_error.log;

  location / {
    # serve static files from defined root folder;.
    # @gitlab is a named location for the upstream fallback, see below
    try_files $uri $uri/index.html $uri.html @gitlab;
  }

  # if a file, which is not found in the root folder is requested,
  # then the proxy pass the request to the upsteam (gitlab unicorn)
  location @gitlab {
    proxy_read_timeout 300; # https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694
    proxy_connect_timeout 300; # https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694
    proxy_redirect     off;

    proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
    proxy_set_header   Host              $http_host;
    proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP         $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For   $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

    proxy_pass http://gitlab;
  }
}

}

更改权限,启动nginx

nginx -t
chown -R git.git /var/lib/nginx/
/etc/init.d/nginx start

拉取gitlab静态资源文件

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake assets:precompile RAILS_ENV=production

启动gitlab

/etc/init.d/gitlab start

检测各个组件是否正常工作

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:check RAILS_ENV=production

检测没有错误就表示已经安装好了gitlab,如图:
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第6张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux

这个时候就可以用浏览器打开http://git.linuxyan.com
初始管理员帐号和密码为:
admin@local.host
5iveL!fe
登录之后如下:
centos6安装部署git服务器(gitlab6.4) - 第7张  | ㄨ销声匿迹、Linux

最后编辑:
作者:admin
这个作者貌似有点懒,什么都没有留下。

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